Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party) is a political party in India. It describes itself as a democratic socialist party. It was founded on October 4, 1992. It is one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People’s Party), India’s primary opposition party prior to the BJP, was fragmented into several regional parties. Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, the former Chief Minister of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and former defense minister for the term 1996-98 in the Government of India.
Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party; founded October 4, 1992) is a recognized state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People’s League), fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Akhilesh Yadav, who is Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Samajwadi Party is a party primarily based in Uttar Pradesh, where it bases its support largely on OBCs (Other Backward Castes) and Muslims, particularly Mulayam Singh Yadav’s own Yadav caste. It has made strong attempts to gain national status, by contesting Lok Sabha and state Assembly elections around the country, but it has been unsuccessful thus far. In last assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, Samajwadi Party did significant and gained 7 seats which took it as a third largest party in the state. By winning the bye-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached to 8.
In the 14th Lok Sabha, it had 38 members, and was the fourth largest party in that house, its best ever tally. Besides 36 members from Uttar Pradesh, it also won one seat from Uttranchal (formerly part of U.P.)
In the 15th Lok Sabha elections, Samajwadi Party has won 22 seats and is the third largest party in that house
At present, the Samajwadi Party’s is providing outside support to the minority Manmohan Singh government at the Center and was instrumental in supporting the nuclear deal and pulling it through.
In the recently conducted 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative elections, the S.P won 96 seats and is the main opposition party in the U.P. State Assembly.
Samajwadi Party is spreading its roots to the south too. Jaya Prada has taken up the leadership in Andhra Pradesh.